Aida 64 free keys

Rachel's Tomb (Hebrew: קבר רחל‎ translit. Qever Raḥel, Arabic: قبر راحيل‎ Qubr Rāḥīl)[2] is the site revered as the burial place of the matriarch Rachel. The tomb has been considered holy to Jews, Christians and Muslims for 2000 years.[3] Since the mid-1990s[4], Palestinians have referred to the site as the Bilal bin Rabah mosque (Arabic: مسجد بلال بن رباح‎)[5][6]

The tomb, located at the northern entrance aida 64 free keys Bethlehem, is built in the style of a traditional maqam.[7] The burial place of the matriarch Rachel as mentioned in Jewish Tanakh, Christian Old Testament and in Aida 64 free keys literature is contested between this site and several others to the north.

Although this site is considered unlikely to be the actual site aida 64 free keys the grave,[3] it is by far the most recognized candidate.

The earliest extra-biblical records describing this tomb as Rachel's aida 64 free keys place date to the first decades of the 4th century CE. The structure in its current form dates from the Ottoman period, and is situated in a Christian and Muslim cemetery dating from at least the Mamluk period.[10][11][12] When Sir Moses Montefiore renovated the site in 1841 and obtained the keys for the Jewish community,[11] he also added an antechamber, including a mihrab for Muslim prayer, to ease Muslim fears.[13][14] According to the 1947 United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine, the tomb was to be part of the internationally aida 64 free keys zone of Jerusalem, but the area was occupied by The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, which prohibited Jews from entering the area.

Following aida 64 free keys Israeli occupation of the West Bank in 1967, though not initially falling within Area C, the site has come under the control of the Israeli Ministry aida 64 free keys Religious Affairs.[15]

Rachel's tomb is the third holiest site in Judaism[16][17] and has become one of the cornerstones of Jewish-Israeli identity.[18] According to Genesis 35:20, a mazzebah was erected aida 64 free keys the site of Rachel's grave in ancient Israel, leading scholars to consider the site to have been a place of worship in ancient Israel.[19][20][21] According to Martin Gilbert, Jews have made pilgrimage to the tomb since ancient times.[22] The first historically recorded pilgrimages to the site were by early Christians, and Christian witnesses wrote of the devotion shown to the shrine by local Muslims and then later also by Jews.

Throughout history, the site was rarely considered a shrine exclusive to one religion and is described as being "held in esteem equally by Jews, Muslims, and Christians".[3]

Following a 1929 British memorandum,[11] in 1949 the UN ruled aida 64 free keys the Status Quo, an arrangement approved by the 1878 Treaty of Berlin concerning rights, privileges and practices in certain Holy Places, applies aida 64 free keys the site.[23] In 2005, following Israeli approval on 11 September 2002, the Israeli West Bank barrier was built around the tomb, effectively annexing it to Jerusalem.[24][1][26] A 2005 report from OHCHR Special Rapporteur John Dugard noted that: "Although Rachel’s Tomb is a site holy to Jews, Muslims and Christians, it has effectively been closed to Muslims and Christians."[27] On October 21, 2015, UNESCO adopted a controversial resolution reaffirming a 2010 statement[28] that Rachel's Aida 64 free keys was: "an integral part of Palestine."[29] On 22 October 2015, the tomb was separated from Bethlehem with a series of concrete barriers.[30]

History[edit]

Biblical accounts and disputed location[edit]

Biblical scholarship identifies two different traditions in the Hebrew Bible concerning the site of Rachel's burial, respectively aida 64 free keys northern version, locating it north of Jerusalem near Ramah, modern Al-Ram, and a southern narrative locating it close to Bethlehem.

In rabbinical tradition the duality is resolved by using two different terms in Hebrew to designate these different localities. In the Hebrew version given in Genesis,Rachel and Jacob journey from Shechem to Hebron, a short distance from Ephrath, which is glossed aida 64 free keys Bethlehem (35:16-21, 48:7). She dies on the way giving birth to Benjamin:

"And Rachel died, and was buried on the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem.

And Jacob set a pillar upon her grave: that is the pillar aida 64 free keys Rachel's grave unto this day." — Genesis 35:19-20

Tom Selwyn notes that R.

A. S. Macalister, the most authoritative voice on the topography of Rachel's tomb, advanced the view in 1912 that the identification with Bethlehem was based on a copyist's mistake.[33] The Judean scribal gloss "(Ephrath, ) which is Bethlehem" was added aida 64 free keys distinguish it from a similar toponym Ephrathah in the Bethlehem region.

Some consider as certain, however, that Rachel's tomb lay to the north, in Benjamite, not in Judean territory, and that the Bethlehem gloss represents a Judean appropriation of the grave, originally in the north, to enhance Judah's prestige.[34][35][36] At 1 Samuel 10:2, Rachel's tomb is located in the 'territory of Benjamin at Zelzah.' In the period of the monarchy down to the exile, it would follow, Rachel's tomb was thought to lie in Ramah.

The indications for this are based on 1 Sam 10:2 and Jer. 31:15, which give an alternative location north of Jerusalem, in aida 64 free keys vicinity of ar-Ram, biblical Ramah,[38] five miles south of Bethel.[39] One conjecture is that before David's conquest of Jerusalem, the ridge road from Bethel might have been called "the Ephrath road" (derek ’eprātāh.

Gen:35:19;derek’eprāt, Gen: 48:7), hence the passage in Genesis meant 'the road to Ephrath or Bethlehem,' on which Ramah, if that word refers to a toponym,[40] lay.[41] A possible location in Ramah could be the five stone monuments north of Hizma.

Known as Qubur Beni Isra'in, the largest so-called tomb of the group, the function aida 64 free keys which is obscure, has the name Qabr Umm beni Isra'in, that is, "tomb of the mother of the descendants of Israel".

As to the structure being placed exactly over an ancient tomb, it was revealed during excavations in around 1825 that it was not built over an underground cavity; however, a deep cavern was discovered a small distance from the site.[43]

Byzantine aida 64 free keys regarding the tomb at this location date back to the beginning of the 4th century AD.[44]Eusebius' Onomasticon (written before 324) and the Bordeaux Pilgrim (333-334) mention the tomb aida 64 free keys being located 4 miles from Jerusalem.

Early Muslim period[edit]

In the late 7th century, the tomb was marked with a stone pyramid, devoid of any ornamentation.[47] During the 10th century, Muqaddasi and other geographers fail to mention the tomb, which indicates that it may have lost importance until the Crusaders revived its veneration.

Crusader period[edit]

Muhammad al-Idrisi (1154) writes, "Half-way down the road [between Bethlehem and Jerusalem] is the tomb of Rachel (Rahil), the mother of Joseph and of Benjamin, the two sons of Jacob peace upon them all!

The tomb is covered by twelve stones, and above it is a dome vaulted."

Benjamin of Tudela (1169–71) was the first Jewish pilgrim to describe his visit to the tomb.[49] He mentioned a pillar made of 11 stones and a cupola resting on four columns "and all the Jews that pass by carve their names upon the stones of the pillar." Petachiah of Regensburg explains that the 11 stones represented the tribes of Israel, excluding Benjamin, since Rachel had died during his birth.

All were marble, with that of Jacob on top."[44]

Mamluk period[edit]

In aida 64 free keys 14th century, Antony of Cremona referred to the cenotaph as "the most wonderful tomb that I shall ever see. Aida 64 free keys do not think that with 20 pairs of oxen it would be possible to extract or move one of its stones." It was described by Franciscan pilgrim Nicolas of Poggibonsi (1346–50) as being 7 feet high and enclosed by a rounded tomb with three gates.

From around the 15th century onwards, if not earlier, the tomb was occupied and maintained by the Muslim rulers.[44] The Russian deacon Zozimos describes it as being a mosque in 1421.[44] A guide published in 1467 credits Shahin al-Dhahiri with the building of a cupola, cistern and drinking fountain at the site.[44] The Muslim rebuilding of the "dome on four columns" was also mentioned by Francesco Suriano in 1485.[44]Felix Fabri (1480–83) described it as aida 64 free keys "a lofty pyramid, built of square and polished white stone";[50] He also noted a drinking water trough at its side and reported that "this place is venerated alike by Muslims, Jews, and Christians".[50]Bernhard von Breidenbach (de) of Mainz (1483) described women praying at the tomb and collecting stones to take home, believing that aida 64 free keys would ease their labour.[51][52]Pietro Casola (1494) described it as being "beautiful and much honoured by the Moors."[53]Mujir al-Din al-'Ulaymi (1495), the Jerusalemite qadi and Arab historian, writes under the heading of Qoubbeh Râhîl ("Dome of Rachel") that Rachel's tomb lies under this dome on the road between Bethlehem and Bayt Jala and that the edifice is turned towards the Sakhrah (the rock inside the Dome of the Rock) and widely visited by pilgrims.[54]

Early Ottoman period[edit]

In 1615 Muhammad Pasha of Jerusalem repaired the structure and transferred exclusive ownership of the site to the Jews.[why?][55] In 1626, Franciscus Quaresmius visited the site and found that the tomb had been rebuilt by the locals several times.

He also found near it a cistern and many Muslim graves.[44]

George Sandys wrote aida 64 free keys 1632 that “The sepulchre of Rachel. is mounted on a square. within which another sepulchre is used for a place of prayer by the Mohometans".[56]

Rabbi Moses Surait of Prague (1650) described a high dome on the top of the tomb, an opening on one side, and a big courtyard surrounded by bricks.

He also described a local Jewish cult associated with the site.[57] A 1659 Venetian publication of Uri ben Simeon's Yichus ha-Abot included a small and apparently inaccurate illustration.[58][59]

The tomb of Rachel aida 64 free keys Righteous is at a distance of 1½ miles from Jerusalem, in the middle of the field, not far from Bethlehem, as it says in the Torah.

On Passover and Lag B'Omer many people – men and women, young and old – go out to Rachel's Tomb on foot aida 64 free keys on horseback. And many pray there, make petitions and dance around the tomb and eat and drink.

— Rabbi Moses Surait of Prague, 1650.[57]

In March 1756, the Istanbul Jewish Committee for the Jews of Palestine instructed that 500 kurus used by the Jews of Jerusalem to fix a aida 64 free keys at the tomb were to aida 64 free keys repaid and used instead for more deserving causes.

In 1788, walls were built to enclose the arches.[55] According to Richard Pococke, this was done to "hinder the Jews from going into it". Pococke also reports that the site was highly regarded by Turks as a place of burial.[44][61]

Nineteenth century[edit]

In 1806 François-René Chateaubriand described it as "a square edifice, surmounted with a small dome: it enjoys the privileges of a mosque, for the Turks as well as the Arabs, honour the families of the patriarchs.

[.] it is evidently a Turkish edifice, erected in memory of a santon.[62]

An 1824 report described "a stone building, evidently of Turkish construction, which terminates at the top in a dome. Within this edifice is the tomb. It is a pile of stones covered with white plaster, about 10 feet long and nearly as high. The inner wall of the building and aida 64 free keys sides of the tomb are covered with Hebrew names, inscribed by Jews."[63]

When the aida 64 free keys was undergoing repairs in around 1825, excavations at the foot of the monument revealed that it was not built directly over an underground cavity.

However, a small distance from the site, an unusually deep cavern was discovered.[43]

In 1830, the Ottomans legally recognized the tomb as a Jewish holy site.[citation needed]Proto-Zionist banker Sir Moses Montefiore visited Rachel's Tomb together with his wife on their first visit to the Holy Land in 1828.[64] The couple were childless, and Lady Montefiore was deeply moved by the tomb,[64] which was in good condition at that time.

Before the couple's next visit, in 1839, the Galilee earthquake of 1837 had heavily damaged the tomb. In 1838 the tomb was described as "merely an ordinary Muslim Wely, or tomb of a holy person; a small square building of stone with a dome, and within it a tomb in the ordinary Muhammedan form; the whole plastered over with mortar.

It is neglected and falling to decay; though pilgrimages are still made to it by the Jews. The naked walls are covered with names in several languages; many of them Hebrew."[47]

In 1841, Montefiore renovated the site and obtained for the Jews the key of the tomb. He renovated the entire structure, reconstructing and re-plastering its white dome, and added an antechamber, including a mihrab for Muslim prayer, to ease Muslim fears.[66] Professor Glenn Bowman notes that some writers have desribed this as a “purchase” of the tomb by Montefiore, asserting that this was not the case.[67]

In 1843, Ridley Haim Herschell described the building as an ordinary Muslim tomb.

He reported that Jews, including Montefiore, were obliged to remain outside the tomb, and prayed at a hole in the wall, so that their voices enter into the tomb.[68] In 1844, William Henry Bartlett referred to the tomb as a "Turkish Mosque", following a visit to the area in 1842.[69]

In 1845, Montefiore made further architectural improvements at the tomb.[70] He extended the building by constructing an adjacent vaulted ante-chamber on the east for Muslim prayer use and burial preparation, possibly as an act of conciliation.[71] The room included a mihrab facing Mecca.[44][55]

In the mid-1850s, the marauding Arab e-Ta'amreh tribe forced the Jews to furnish them with an annual £30 payment to prevent them from damaging the tomb.[72][73]

According to Elizabeth Anne Finn, wife of the British consul, James Finn, the only time the Sephardic Jewish community left the Old City of Jerusalem was for monthly prayers at "Rachel's Sepulchre" or Hebron.[74]

In 1864, the Jews of Bombay donated money to dig a well.

Although Rachel's Tomb was only an hour and a half walk from the Old City of Jerusalem, many pilgrims found themselves very thirsty and unable to obtain fresh water.

Every Rosh Chodesh (beginning of the Jewish month), the Maiden of Ludmir would lead her followers to Rachel’s tomb and lead aida 64 free keys prayer service with various rituals, which included spreading out requests of the past four weeks over the tomb. Aida 64 free keys the traditional anniversary of Rachel's death, she would lead a solemn procession to the tomb where she chanted psalms in a night-long vigil.[75]

In 1868 a publication by the Catholic missionary society the Paulist Fathers noted that "[Rachel's] memory has always been held in respect by the Jews and Christians, and even now the former go there every Thursday, to pray and read the old, old history of this mother of their race.

When leaving Bethlehem for the fourth and last time, after we had passed the tomb of Rachel, on our way to Jerusalem, Father Luigi and I met a hundred or more Jews on their weekly visit to the venerated spot."[76]

The Hebrew monthly ha-Levanon of August 19, 1869, rumored that a group of Christians had purchased land around the tomb and were in the process aida 64 free keys demolishing Montefiore's vestibule in order to erect a church there.[77] During the following years, land in the vicinity of the tomb was acquired by Nathan Straus.

In October 1875, Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Kalischer purchased three dunams of land near the tomb intending to establish a Jewish farming colony there.[78] Custody of the land was transferred to the Perushim community in Jerusalem.[78] In the 1880s, Conder and Kitchener noted: "A modern Moslem building stands over the site, and there are Jewish graves near it."[79]

In 1912 the Ottoman Government permitted the Jews to repair the shrine itself, but not the antechamber.[23] In 1915 the structure had four walls, each about 7 m (23 ft.) long and 6 m (20 ft.) high.

The dome, rising aida 64 free keys 3 m (10 ft.), "is used by the Moslems for prayer; its holy character has hindered them from removing the Hebrew letters from its walls."[80]

British Mandate period[edit]

Three months after the British occupation of Palestine the whole place was cleaned and whitewashed by the Jews without protest from the Muslims. However, in 1921 when the Chief Rabbinate applied to the Municipality of Bethlehem for aida 64 free keys to perform repairs at the site, local Muslims objected.[23] In view of this, the High Commissioner ruled that, pending appointment of the Holy Places Aida 64 free keys provided for under the Mandate, all repairs should be undertaken by the Government.

However, so much indignation was caused in Jewish circles aida 64 free keys this decision that the matter was dropped, the repairs not being considered urgent.[23] In 1925 the Sephardic Jewish community requested permission to repair the tomb. The building was then made structurally sound and exterior repairs were effected by the Government, but permission was refused by the Jews (who had the keys) for the Government to repair the interior of the shrine.

As the interior repairs were unimportant, the Government dropped the matter, in order to avoid controversy.[23] In 1926 Max Bodenheimer blamed the Jews for letting one of their holy sites appear so neglected and uncared for.[82]

During this period, both Jews and Muslims visited the site.

From the 1940s, it came to be viewed as a symbol of the Jewish people's return to Zion, to its ancient homeland,[83] For Jewish women, the tomb was associated with fertility and became a place of pilgrimage to pray for successful childbirth.[84][85] Depictions of the Tomb of Rachel have appeared in Jewish religious books and works of art.[citation needed] Muslims prayed inside the mosque there and the cemetery at the tomb was the main Muslim cemetery in the Bethlehem area.

The building was also used for Islamic funeral rituals.

aida 64 free keys

It is reported that Jews and Muslims respected each other and accommodated each other's rituals.[13] During the riots of 1929, violence hampered regular visits by Jews to the tomb.[citation needed] Both Jews and Muslims demanded control of the site, with the Muslims claiming it was an integral part of the Muslim cemetery within which it is situated.[11] It also demanded a renewal of the old Muslim custom of purifying corpses in the tomb's antechamber.[citation needed]

Jordanian period[edit]

Following the 1948 Arab–Israeli War till 1967, the site was ruled by Jordan and occupied by the Aida 64 free keys waqf.

On December 11, 1948, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 194 which called for free access to all the holy places in Israel and the remainder of the territory of the former Palestine Mandate of Great Britain.

In April 1949, the Jerusalem Committee prepared a document for the UN Aida 64 free keys in order to establish the status of the different holy places in the area of the former British Aida 64 free keys for Palestine. It noted that ownership of Rachel's Tomb aida 64 free keys claimed by both Jews and Muslims. The Jews claimed possession by virtue of a 1615 firman granted by the Pasha of Jerusalem which gave them exclusive use of the site and that the building, which had fallen into decay, was entirely restored by Moses Montefiore in 1845; the keys were obtained by the Jews from the last Muslim guardian at this time.

The Muslims claimed the site was a place of Muslim prayer and an integral part of the Muslim cemetery within which it was situated.[11] They stated that the Ottoman Government had recognised it as such and that it is included among the Tombs of the Prophets for which identity signboards were issued by the Ministry of Waqfs in 1898.

They also asserted that the antechamber built by Montefiore was specially built as a place of prayer for Muslims. The UN ruled that the status quo, an arrangement approved by the Ottoman Decree of 1757 concerning rights, privileges and practices in certain Holy Places, apply to the site.[23]

In theory, free access was to be granted as stipulated in the 1949 Armistice Agreements, though Israelis, unable to enter Jordan, were prevented from visiting.[86] Non-Israeli Jews, however, continued to visit the site.[13][dubious– discuss] During this period the Muslim cemetery was expanded.[55]

Israeli control[edit]

Following the Six Day War in 1967, Israel occupied of the West Bank, which included the tomb.

The tomb was placed under Israeli military administration. Some time after the occupation, Islamic crescents, inscribed into the rooms of the structure, were erased.

Muslims claim that they were prevented from using the mosque, although they were allowed to use the cemetery for a while.[13]

Prime minister Levi Eshkol aida 64 free keys that the tomb be included within the new expanded municipal borders of Jerusalem,[citation needed] but citing security concerns, Moshe Dayan decided not to include it within the territory that was annexed to Jerusalem.[87] Starting in 1993, Muslims were barred from using the cemetery.[13] According to Bethlehem University, "[a]ccess to Rachel’s Tomb is now restricted to aida 64 free keys entering from Israel."[88]

Oslo Accords and aftermath (1995–2010)[edit]

.

Following the Oslo accords, the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement was signed on September 28, 1995,[citation needed] placing Rachel's Tomb in Area C under Israeli jurisdiction.

Originally, Yitzhak Rabin had decided to cede Rachel's Tomb, along with Bethlehem.[89] Israel's first draft had placed Rachel's Tomb, which is situated 460 metres from the municipal border of Jerusalem, aida 64 free keys Area A under PA jurisdiction.

Popular pressure exerted by religious parties in Israel to keep the religious site under Israeli control threatened the agreement, and Yassir Arafat agreed to forego the request.[87][89][90]

On December 1, 1995, Bethlehem, with the exception of the tomb enclave, passed under the full control of the Palestinian Authority.

Jews could reach it in bulletproof vehicles under military supervision.[citation needed] In 1996 Israel began an 18-month fortification of the site at a cost of $2m. Aida 64 free keys included a 13 foot high wall and adjacent military post.

In response, Palestinians said that "the Tomb of Rachel was on Islamic land" and that the structure aida 64 free keys in fact a mosque built at the time of the Arab conquest in honour of Bilal ibn Rabah, an Ethiopian known in Islamic history as the first muezzin.

After an attack on Joseph's Tomb and its subsequent takeover by Arabs, hundreds of residents of Bethlehem and the Aida refugee camp, led by the Palestinian Authority-appointed governor of Bethlehem, Muhammad Rashad al-Jabari, attacked Rachel's Tomb.

They set the scaffolding that had been aida 64 free keys around it on fire and tried to break in. The IDF dispersed the mob with gunfire and stun grenades, and dozens were wounded.[citation needed] In the following years, the Israeli-controlled site became a flashpoint between young Palestinians who hurled stones, bottles and firebombs and IDF troops, who responded with tear gas and rubber bullets.[92]

At the end of 2000, when the second intifada broke out, the tomb came under attack for 41 days.

Fatah operatives and members of the Palestinian security services who were responsible for curbing militant activity against Israelis actively participated in it. In May 2001, fifty Jews found themselves trapped inside by a firefight between the IDF and Palestinian Authority gunmen.

In March 2002 the IDF returned to Bethlehem as part of Operation Defensive Shield and remained there for an extended period of time.[citation needed] In September 2002, the tomb was incorporated on the Israeli side of the West Bank barrier and surrounded by a concrete wall and watchtowers.

In February 2005, the Israel Supreme Court rejected a Palestinian appeal aida 64 free keys change the route of the security fence in the region of the tomb.[citation needed] Israeli construction destroyed the Palestinian neighbourhood of Qubbet Rahil.[citation needed] Israel also declared the area to be a part of Jerusalem.[13] From 2011, a "Wall Museum" was created by Palestinians on the North wall of the Israeli separation barrier surrounding Rachel’s tomb.[93][94][95]

In February 2010, Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu announced that the tomb would become a part of the national Jewish heritage sites rehabilitation plan.[96] The decision was opposed by the Palestinian Authority, who saw it as a political decision associated with Israel's settlement project.[5] The UN's special coordinator for the Middle East, Robert Serry, issued a statement of concern over the aida 64 free keys, saying that the site is in Palestinian territory and has significance in both Judaism and Islam.[97] The Jordanian government said that the move would derail peace efforts in the Middle East and condemned "unilateral Israeli measures which affect holy places and offend aida 64 free keys of Muslims throughout the world".[97] UNESCO urged Israel to remove the site from its heritage list, stating that it was "an integral part of the occupied Palestinian territories".

A resolution was passed at UNESCO that acknowledged both the Jewish and Islamic aida 64 free keys of the site, describing the site as both Bilal ibn Rabah Mosque and as Rachel's Tomb.[5] The resolution passed with 44 countries supporting it, twelve countries abstaining, and only the United States voting to oppose.[5] An article written by Nadav Aida 64 free keys of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, published in the Jerusalem Post criticized UNESCO, aida 64 free keys that the aida 64 free keys was not a mosque and that the move was politically motivated to disenfranchise Israel and Jewish religious traditions.[2] Also writing in the Jerusalem Post, Larry Derfner, defended the UNESCO position.

He pointed out that UNESCO had explicitly recognized the Jewish connection to the site, having only denounced Israeli claims of sovereignty, while also acknowledging the Islamic and Christian significance of the site.[98] The Israeli Prime Minister's Office criticised the resolution, claiming that: "the attempt to detach the Nation of Israel from its heritage is absurd.

If the nearly 4,000-year-old burial sites of the Patriarchs and Matriarchs of the Jewish Nation – Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel and Leah – are not part of its culture and tradition, then what is a national cultural site?”[99][100]

Jewish religious significance[edit]

Rabbinic traditions[edit]

In Jewish lore, Rachel was born on 11 Cheshvan 1553 BCE.[101]

  • According to the Midrash, the first person to pray at Rachel's tomb was her eldest son, Joseph.

    While he was being carried away to Egypt after his brothers had sold him into slavery, he broke away from his captors and ran to his mother's grave. He threw himself upon the ground, wept aloud and cried "Mother! mother! Wake aida 64 free keys.

    Arise and see my suffering." He heard his mother respond: "Do not fear. Go with them, and God will be with you."[102]

  • A number of reasons are given why Rachel was buried by the road side and not in the Cave of Machpela with aida 64 free keys other Patriarchs and Matriarchs:
    • Jacob foresaw aida 64 free keys following the destruction of the First Temple the Jews would be exiled to Babylon.

      They would cry out as they passed her grave, and be comforted by her. She would intercede on their behalf, asking for mercy from God who would hear her prayer.[103]

    • Although Rachel was buried within the boundaries of the Holy Land, she was not buried in the Cave of Machpelah due to aida 64 free keys sudden and unexpected death. Jacob, looking after his children and herds of cattle, simply did not have the opportunity to embalm her body aida 64 free keys allow aida 64 free keys the slow journey to Hebron.[104][105]
    • Jacob was intent on not burying Rachel at Hebron, as he wished to prevent himself feeling ashamed before his forefathers, lest it appear he still regarded both sisters as his wives - a biblically forbidden union.[105]
  • According to the mystical work, Zohar, when the Messiah appears, he aida 64 free keys lead the dispersed Jews back to the Land of Israel, along the road which passes Rachel's grave.

Location[edit]

Early Jewish scholars noticed an apparent contradiction in the Bible with regards to the location of Rachel's grave.

In Genesis, the Bible states that Rachel was buried "on the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem." Yet a reference to her tomb in Samuel states: "When you go from me today, you will find two men by Rachel's tomb, in the border of Benjamin, in Zelzah" (1 Sam 10:2). Rashi asks: "Now, isn't Rachel's tomb in the border aida 64 free keys Judah, in Bethlehem?" He explains that the verse rather means: "Now they are by Rachel's tomb, and when you will meet them, you will find them in the border of Benjamin, in Zelzah." Similarly, Ramban assumes that the site shown today near Bethlehem reflects an authentic tradition.

After he had arrived in Jerusalem and seen "with his own eyes" that Rachel's tomb was on the outskirts of Bethlehem, he retracted his original understanding of her tomb being located north of Jerusalem and concluded that the reference in Jeremiah (Jer 31:15) which seemed to place her burial place in Ramah, is to be understood allegorically.

There remains however, a dispute as to whether aida 64 free keys tomb near Bethlehem was in the tribal territory of Judah, or of her son Benjamin.[107]

Customs[edit]

A Jewish tradition teaches that Rachel weeps for her children and that when the Jews were taken into exile, she wept as they passed by her grave on the way to Babylonia.

Jews have made pilgrimage to the tomb since ancient times.[22]

There is a tradition regarding the key that unlocked the door to the tomb. The key was about 15 centimetres (5.9 in) long and made of brass. The beadle kept it with him at all times, and it was not uncommon that someone would knock at his door in the middle of the night requesting it to ease the labor pains of an expectant mother.

The key was placed under her pillow and almost immediately, the pains would subside and the delivery would take place peacefully.

Till this day there is an ancient tradition regarding a segulah or charm which is the most famous women's ritual at the tomb.[108] Aida 64 free keys red string is tied around the tomb seven times then worn as a charm for fertility.[108] This use of the string is comparatively recent, though there is a report of its use to ward off diseases in the 1880s.[109]

The Torah Aida 64 free keys in Rachel's Tomb is covered with a curtain (Hebrew: parokhet) made from the wedding gown of Nava Applebaum, a young Israeli woman who was killed by a Palestinian terrorist in a suicide bombing at Café Hillel in Jerusalem in 2003, on the eve of her wedding.[110]

Replicas[edit]

The tomb of Sir Moses Montefiore, adjacent to the Montefiore synagogue in Ramsgate, England, is a replica of Rachel's Tomb.[111]

In 1934, the Michigan Memorial Park planned to reproduce the tomb.

When built, it was used to house the sound system and pipe organ used during funerals, but it has since been demolished.[112]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

North-east perspective[edit]

  • 2005 (now inside the expanded compound)

  • Mid 1990s North-east perspective available externally: [3]
  • 2008 picture of the same North-east perspective: [4]

North perspective[edit]

West perspective[edit]

East perspective[edit]

1585

Bernardino Amico of Gallipoli, 1610

1600s

16th and 17th century drawings of the tomb

The tomb in c.1840, immediately before Montefiore's renovations
Plaque inside the tomb acknowledging the Montefiore renovations:

THIS IS THE HOUSE
WHICH WAS BUILT BY THE GREAT PRINCE OF ISRAEL
SIR MOSES MONTEFIORE
MAY HIS LIGHT SHINE FORTH
AND HIS WIFE, THE DAUGHTER OF KINGS
LADY JUDITH
MAY WE MERIT TO SEE THE RIGHTEOUS MESSIAH
GOD WILLING, AMEN

Rachel's tomb appeared on the aida 64 free keys.

banknote and on 2m., 3m. and 10m. stamps aida 64 free keys Mandate Palestine between 1927 and 1945, aida 64 free keys to it being perceived by the British authorities as “the model of a shared site” between Muslims, Christians and Jews.[81]

Haredi Jews praying aida 64 free keys the tomb
Tombstone in the shape of Rachel's Tomb, Trumpeldor Cemetery, Tel Aviv
Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rachel's_Tomb