"Kailash" redirects here. For other uses, see Kailash (disambiguation).
Mount Kailash (also Mount Kailasa; Kangrinboqê or Gang Rinpoche (Tibetan: གངས་རིན་པོ་ཆེ; Chinese: 冈仁波齐峰(simplified);Chinese: 岡仁波齊峰(traditional)), is a peak in the Kailash Range (Gangdisê Mountains), kailas meitenes peldas forms part of Transhimalaya in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China.
The mountain is located near Lake Manasarovar and Lake Rakshastal, close to the source of some of the longest Asian rivers: the Indus, Sutlej, Brahmaputra, and Karnali also known as Ghaghara (a tributary of kailas meitenes peldas Ganges) in India.
Mount Kailash is considered to be sacred in four religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Bön and Jainism.
The mountain is known as “Kailāsa” (कैलास) in Sanskrit. The name also could have been derived from the word “kelāsa” (केलास), which means "crystal".
In his Tibetan-English dictionary, Chandra (1902: p. 32) identifies the entry for 'kai la sha' (Wylie: kai la sha) which is a loan kailas meitenes peldas from Sanskrit 'kailāsa' (Devanagari: कैलास).
The Tibetan name for the mountain is Gangs Rin-po-che (Tibetan: གངས་རིན་པོ་ཆེ་; Chinese: 冈仁波齐峰).
Gangs or Kang is the Tibetan word for snow peak kailas meitenes peldas to alp or hima; rinpoche is an honorific meaning "precious one" so the combined term can be translated "precious jewel of snows".
"Tibetan Buddhists call it Kangri Rinpoche; 'Precious Snow Mountain'. Bon texts have many names: Water's Flower, Mountain of Sea Water, Nine Stacked Swastika Mountain. For Hindus, it is the home of the mountain god Shiva and a symbol of his power-symbol “Om”; for Jains it is where their first TirthankaraRishabhanatha was enlightened; for Buddhists, the navel of the universe; and for adherents of Bon, the abode of the sky goddess Sipaimen."
Another local name for the mountain is Tisé mountain, which derives from ti tse in the Zhang-Zhung language, meaning "water peak" or "river peak", connoting the mountain's status kailas meitenes peldas the source kailas meitenes peldas the mythical Lion, Horse, Peacock and Elephant Rivers, and in fact the Indus, Yarlung Tsangpo/Dihang/Brahmaputra, Karnali and Sutlej all begin in the Kailas meitenes peldas Manasarovara region.
According to Hinduism, Shiva resides at the summit of a legendary mountain named Kailāsa, where he sits in a state of perpetual meditation along with his wife Pārvatī.
He is at once the Kailas meitenes peldas of Yoga and therefore the ultimate renunciate ascetic, yet he is also the divine master of Yoga, Tantra.
According to Charles Allen, one kailas meitenes peldas in the Vishnu Purana of the mountain states that its four faces are made of crystal, ruby, gold, and lapis lazuli. It is a pillar of the world and is located at the heart of six mountain ranges symbolizing a lotus.
In Jainism, Kailash is also known as Mount Meru.
According to Jain scriptures, Ashtapada, the mountain next to Mt. Kailash, is the site where the first Jain Tirthankara, Rishabhdev, attained moksha (liberation).
Mount Kailash (Kailasa) is known as Mount Meru in Buddhist texts.
It is central to its cosmology, and a major pilgrimage site for some Buddhist traditions.
Vajrayana Buddhists believe that Mount Kailash is the home of the kailas meitenes peldas (also known as Demchok), who represents supreme bliss.
There are numerous sites in the region associated with Padmasambhava, whose tantric practices in holy sites around Tibet are credited with finally establishing Buddhism as the main religion of the country in the 7th–8th century AD.
It is said that Milarepa (c.
1052 – c. 1135), champion of Vajrayana, arrived in Tibet to challenge Naro Bön-chung, champion of the Bön religion of Tibet.
The two magicians engaged in a kailas meitenes peldas sorcerers' battle, but neither was able to gain a decisive advantage. Finally, it was agreed that whoever could reach the summit of Kailash most rapidly would be the victor. While Naro Bön-chung sat on a magic drum and soared up the slope, Milarepa's followers were dumbfounded to see him sitting still and meditating.
Yet when Naro Bön-chung was nearly at the top, Milarepa suddenly moved into action and overtook him by riding on sunlight, thus winning the contest. He did, however, fling a handful of snow on to the top of a nearby mountain, since known as Bönri, bequeathing it to the Bönpo and thereby ensuring continued Bönpo connections with the region.
Bön, a religion native to Tibet, maintain that the entire mystical region and Kailash, which they call the "nine-story Swastika Mountain", is the axis mundi, Tagzig Olmo Lung Ring.
Every year, thousands make a pilgrimage to Kailash, following a tradition going back thousands of years.
Pilgrims of several religions believe that circumambulating Mount Kailash on kailas meitenes peldas is a holy kailas meitenes peldas that will bring good fortune. The peregrination is made in a clockwise direction by Hindus and Buddhists while Jains and Bönpos circumambulate the mountain in a counterclockwise direction. 
The path around Mount Kailash is 52 km (32 mi) long. Some pilgrims believe that the entire walk around Kailash should be made in a single day, kailas meitenes peldas is not considered an easy task.
A person in good shape walking fast would take perhaps 15 hours to complete the entire trek. Some of kailas meitenes peldas devout do accomplish this feat, little daunted by the uneven terrain, altitude sickness and harsh conditions faced in the process.
Indeed, other pilgrims venture a much more demanding regimen, performing body-length prostrations over the entire length of the circumambulation: The pilgrim bends down, kneels, prostrates full-length, makes a kailas meitenes peldas with his fingers, rises to his knees, prays, and then kailas meitenes peldas forward on hands and knees to the mark made by his/her fingers before repeating the process.
It requires at least four weeks of physical endurance to perform the circumambulation while following this regimen. The mountain is located in a particularly remote and inhospitable area of the Tibetan Himalayas. A few modern amenities, such as benches, resting places and refreshment kiosks, exist to aid the pilgrims in their devotions. According to all religions that revere the mountain, setting foot on its slopes is a dire sin. It is a popular belief that the stairways on Mount Kailash lead to heaven.
Because of the Sino-Indian border dispute, pilgrimage to the legendary abode of Shiva was stopped from 1954 to 1978.
Thereafter, a limited number of Indian pilgrims kailas meitenes peldas been allowed to visit the place, under the supervision of the Chinese and Indian governments either by a lengthy and hazardous trek over the Himalayan terrain, travel by land from Kathmandu or from Lhasa where flights from Kathmandu are available to Lhasa and thereafter travel over the great Tibetan plateau by car. The journey takes four night stops, finally arriving at Darchen at elevation of 4,600 m (15,100 ft), small outpost that swells with pilgrims at certain times of year.
Despite its minimal infrastructure, modest guest houses are available for foreign pilgrims, whereas Tibetan pilgrims generally sleep in their own tents. A small regional medical center serving far-western Tibet and kailas meitenes peldas by the Swiss Ngari Korsum Foundation was built here in 1997.
Walking around the mountain—a part of its official park—has to be done on foot, pony or domestic yak, taking some three days of trekking starting from a height of kailas meitenes peldas 15,000 ft (4,600 m) past the Tarboche (flagpole) to cross the Drölma pass 18,200 ft (5,500 m), and encamping for two nights en route.
First, near the meadow of Dirapuk gompa, some 2 to 3 km (1.2 to 1.9 mi) before the pass and second, after crossing the pass and going downhill as far as possible (viewing Gauri Kund in the distance).
The region around Mount Kailash and the Indus headwaters area is typified by wide scale faulting of metamorphosed late Cretaceous to mid Cenozoicsedimentary rocks which have been intruded by igneous Cenozoic granitic rocks.
Mt. Kailash appears to be a metasedimentaryroof pendant supported by a massive granite base. The Cenozoic rocks represent offshore marine limestones deposited before subduction of the Tethys oceaniccrust.
These sediments were deposited on the southern margin of the Asia block during subduction of the Tethys kailas meitenes peldas crust prior to the collision between the Indian and Asian continents.
In 1926, Hugh Ruttledge studied the north face, which he estimated was 6,000 ft (1,800 m) high and "utterly unclimbable" and thought about an ascent of the northeast ridge, but he ran out of time.
Ruttledge had been exploring the area with Colonel R. C. Wilson, who was on the other side of the mountain with his Sherpa named Tseten. According to Wilson, Tseten told Wilson, "'Sahib, we can climb that!' . kailas meitenes peldas he too saw that this [the SE ridge] represented a feasible route to the summit." Further excerpts from Wilson's article in the Alpine Journal (vol. 40, 1928) show that he was serious about climbing Kailash, but he also ran out of time.
Herbert Tichy was in the area in 1936, attempting to climb Gurla Mandhata. When he asked one of the Garpons of Ngari kailas meitenes peldas Kailash was climbable, the Garpon replied, "Only a man entirely free of sin could climb Kailash. And he wouldn't kailas meitenes peldas to actually scale the sheer walls of ice to do it – he'd just turn himself into a bird and fly to the summit."Reinhold Messner was given the opportunity by the Chinese government to climb in the mid-1980s but he declined.
In 2001 the Chinese gave permission for a Spanish team to climb the peak, but in the face of international disapproval the Chinese decided to ban all attempts to climb the mountain. Reinhold Messner, who condemned the Spanish plans, said
If we conquer this mountain, then we conquer something in people's souls.
I would suggest they go and climb something a little harder. Kailas is not so high and not so hard.
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- ^Entry for कैलासः in Apte Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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- Walk around Kailash Video and still images illustrating the pilgrimage route around Mt. Kailash and parts of Lake Manasarovar, kailas meitenes peldas the Saga Dawa full moon festival celebrating the life of the Buddha.
Tibetan and Nepalese Thangka depicting Mount Kailash